American, born 1946
Stanley Whitney thinks of color—the principal focus of his artmaking—as an object with its own weight, volume, and solidity. As he came into his own as a painter during the 1970s, the artist developed a signature composition: four rows of brightly colored and variably textured rectangles divided by solid horizontal lines. This structure allows Whitney to work through a seemingly infinite number of relationships among colors juxtaposed against one another. Beginning with the top left square and moving from one field to the next, Whitney very deliberately selects his palette based on the previously painted hues. For example, in Endless Time, he began the second row with an opaque and smooth application of black paint, which he followed on the right with a semitranslucent mixture of dark cyan and white that appears to reveal the canvas through watery drip and streaks. The varied opacities, textures, and hues carry the viewer’s gaze around the surface, from the calming and creamy pale pink at center to the erratic and heavy-handed kelly green that repeats in three fields.